Healthcare, health care or even healthcare is simply the management or enhancement of medical condition through the diagnosis, prevention, therapy, restoration, or curing of illness, disease, injury, or other physical and/or mental disorders in humans. Healthcare is offered by different health professions and allied healthcare fields. These professions have many forms including dermatology, pediatrics, obstetrics, family medicine, surgery, radiology, and nursing.
Healthcare has been the object of a lot of changes and improvements in the past few decades. Healthcare today is not restricted to providing a cure for a certain ailment but also provides care and assistance to the patient with respect to the lifestyle he or she leads and the way he or she thinks. Healthcare today includes the provision of preventive measures against illnesses, diseases, injuries, and various types of problems and diseases, rehabilitation and after care, and education.
General practitioners (GPs), doctors who are licensed and registered and may be practicing in any of the allied health fields in which they have been trained. General practitioners to help patients with medical and general advice on how to take care of their health and keep fit. Some may specialize in particular areas such as cardiology, gastroenterology, gynecology, neurology, neurosurgery, ophthalmology, orthopedics, psychology, radiology, and even dermatology. General practitioners perform a variety of different kinds of procedures. Examples include prescribing medicines, conducting physical exams, prescribing X-rays, diagnosing conditions, and performing surgical operations.
Medical assistants (MAs) are employed by healthcare institutions and agencies, where the patients and the providers share some common facilities and duties. Medical assistants help healthcare professionals in doing their work without much hassle and may be engaged in assisting doctors in doing their job.
Medical assistants work under the supervision of doctors and nurses and help them with various administrative tasks. They can work in a small clinical unit, a large hospital, or may work in outpatient clinics. Their job is primarily related to scheduling appointments and completing patient records. They may also assist doctors in giving injections or administering medicines.
Occupational therapists (OTs) are professionals who give physical support to patients who cannot walk or move freely or need help with some basic movements. Occupational therapists help patients with the activities of daily living (ADLs) of the patient and the ways to carry on with that activity. Occupational therapy assists people to live a more active and independent lifestyle.
Therapeutic assistants (TAs) are engaged by healthcare institutions or organizations to aid patients with disabilities in their day to day lives. They act as a personal adviser and guide to their patients. Therapeutic assistants may help patients with physical disabilities with the use of manual services such as the use of wheelchairs, hearing aids, walking stick, bathing equipment, and cooking aids. They may also be engaged in educating patients with respect to their surroundings.
Physician assistants (PAs) are registered health professionals who assist doctors and other health care practitioners. PAs work under the supervision of physicians and are engaged to help patients with health-related tasks. They also assist physicians in providing health care related care. They assist doctors in conducting laboratory tests, prescribing medication, and performing office duties such as taking vital signs and recording information about patients’ conditions and health histories. PAs assist physicians in administering surgical procedures and assisting in providing emergency care.
Paramedics are also healthcare professionals engaged to assist patients who suffer from a terminal or life-threatening illness. Paramedics also provide assistance to the public and other patients with special training in CPR and first aid. They provide assistance to victims of natural disasters, accidents, and illnesses. They perform tasks that aid in saving a person’s life.
Nursing assistants (NA) work under the supervision of healthcare providers for licensed hospitals and other health care institutions. They are employed to assist nurses and other healthcare professionals with the administrative and other duties required for nursing duties. They work under the direct supervision of nurses, doctors, and other certified nurses. They assist nurses in performing their work and assist in providing services to patients.
Nursing assistants are responsible for assisting nurses and other healthcare professionals in a variety of administrative and clerical duties. Nursing assistants usually are employed in long term care facilities, home health care, rehabilitation facilities, hospice, and other medical facilities. Nursing assistants also assist patients with household tasks, such as dressing wounds, cooking, and providing transportation.